Emerging Markets FDI China Dissertation

Competitive Dynamics in Emerging Markets: Case of China’s FDI Inflows

Emerging Markets: Foreign direct investment (FDI) constitutes one of the main modes of market entry which has been used by a growing number of multinational enterprises (MNEs) to achieve growth. Through FDI firms engage in a special form of capital flows which involves the relocation of capitals, as well as intangible assets such as management skills and production know-how.

As underscored in extant literature on international trade, the benefits of FDI are experienced by both the foreign firm and host country. Put differently, FDI results into a mutually beneficial relationship in which case the foreign firm benefits from a larger market for its products and access to important inputs while the host nation benefits from increased trade and a multiplier effect. While licensing and export provide less risky paths to foreign market entry, research based on the market failure theory attributes the growing preference for FDI to the need by firms to make full gains from their capital.

Emerging Markets FDI Dissertation
Emerging Markets FDI Dissertation

Traditionally, FDI flows have been from developed countries to other developed countries. Countries such as the United States, United Kingdom and Japan have in particular been major players in inward and outward FDI. In year 2000, US received 22% of the world’s FDI while countries in the EU cumulatively received an estimated 49% of the FDI. This trend marked by the flow of FDI from developed to developed countries is however changing. The last decade has in particular been marked by a trend in which FDI flows are from developed countries to emerging countries such as the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China).

In terms of competitiveness in FDI and international trade in general, emerging countries have for long been considered as uncompetitive. Developed nations have traditionally crowded out developing countries in international trade due to several barriers. As an example, it is until recently that developing countries have become more open to international trade and their exports have mainly comprised of primary products. They also face a host of barriers revolving around national policy, credit constraints and technological limitations among others.

Despite these barriers emerging countries have in the last decade emerged as equally competitive players at the international front. Academics have even pointed out that emerging markets are in the current times more competitive than developed markets. The researchers justify this assertion by pointing out that an analysis of corporate profitability in both economies shows significantly different results. In the developing world, the dynamics of competition are such that both the short-term and long-term persistence in profitability of organisations is lower than that of the developed world. To a large extent, this is a clear indicator that competition in the developing world is more intense. While focusing on inward FDI, the present research determines why China has become one of the most competitive emerging markets in this form of international trade.

Dissertation Objectives

  • To determine the level of competitiveness in attracting FDI among emerging markets
  • To investigate the specific factors influencing China’s competitiveness in attracting FDI
  • To examine the extent to which factors influencing China’s competitiveness in attracting FDI can be maintained in the long term
  • To highlight the various ways through which competitiveness of China’s FDI can be measured

Dissertation Contents

1 – Introduction
Study background
Research problem
Research question
Research objectives
Significance of the study
Overview of research methodology
Structure of the study

2 – Literature Review
Factors influencing competitiveness in inward FDI among emerging economies
Theoretical perspectives on determinants of FDI
Specific factors in emerging countries that increase a country’s competitiveness in attracting FDI inflows
Challenges in effectively competing for FDI in emerging markets

3 – Research Methodology
Data source and Research design
Research approach
Research strategy
Data collection techniques and process
Data analysis techniques
Quality of the study findings
Ethical considerations and limitations

4 – Results, Findings and Discussions
Factors influencing China’s competitiveness in attracting FDI
Sustainability of China’s FDI attractiveness
Discussion of study findings

5 – Conclusions and Recommendations
Competitiveness of emerging markets in attracting FDI
Factors influencing China’s competitiveness in attracting FDI
The sustainability of factors influencing China’s competitiveness in attracting FDI
Study recommendations

References

View This Dissertation Here: FDI China Dissertation

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Consumer Behaviour China Automobiles

The Automotive Industry in China: Perspectives on Consumer Behaviour of Domestic and Foreign Produced Automobiles

Keywords: Consumer Behaviour China Automobiles. China is the biggest consumer and producer of automobiles in the world today. In spite of this there has not been enough research in the field of Chinese consumer behavior. This particular study investigates the significance of country image and country of origin in Chinese consumer purchase intentions and evaluations of automobiles. The respondents were located in different cities of China who were surveyed.

Conjoint analysis had been used for deriving the significance of country of origin compared to other attributes in making preference judgments whereas multiple regressions were used for deriving the significance of country image in the purchase intentions. It was seen that country of origin is as significant as brand name and more significant than safety, reliability and price in making product evaluations. It was also seen that workmanship, reliability and superior prestige were the most significant reasons for the purchase preferences of the Chinese respondents for the foreign automobiles compared to the Chinese brands.

Consumer Behaviour China Automobiles
Consumer Behaviour China Automobiles

The results for the domestic and foreign manufacturers along with their implications have been discussed. The main aim of this research is to examine current situation of Chinese auto industry and the factors which have contributed on the success of immense growth rate of Chinese auto industry confronting severe competition from foreign automobile companies.

Dissertation Objectives

  • To study the current Chinese auto industry and the growing competition in the industry
  • To evaluate the concept of consumer behaviour and the factors impacting the consumer buying behaviour with respect to auto industry
  • To review factors motivating the investment in Chinese auto industry
  • To study the factors which may hamper the growth of Chinese auto industry as a result of growing foreign giant companies.

Dissertation Contents

1- Introduction
Background
Research Question
Research Aim
Research Objectives
Research Rationale

2 – Literature Review
Consumer Behavior
Constitution of Consumer Behavior
Consumer Decision Making
Influencing Factors of Consumer Behavior
Motivation
Perception
Learning and Memory
Attitude
Self-concept and Life styles
Environmental Factors
Chinese’ Attitudes to Domestic and Foreign Goods
Overview of Key FDI Theories
FDI Motives and Determinants
Geographic and Cultural Closeness

3 – Research Methods
Purpose of Research
Research Methodology Adopted
Research Paradigm
Research Approach
Research Strategy
Primary Data
Design Data Collection
Validity and Reliability

4 – Findings and Analysis
Survey Findings
Findings on Factors affectng Consumer Behavior in China
Analysis of Findings from Secondary Research
Chinese Automobile Industry – Porter’s Five Forces
Bargaining Power of the Buyers
Bargaining Power of Supliers
Drivers of Supplier Power
Threat of New Entrants
Threat of Substitutes
Discussion
Key Findings

5 – Conclusion

References

Appendix
Questionnaire

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Download This Dissertation Here: Dissertation China Automotive Industry

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Real Estate Dissertation Housing Bubble in China

Causes and Determinants of Real Estate Bubbles in China – A Study into Beijing

The real estate market of Beijing is under investigation in order to find whether there is a potential housing bubble in China. Housing bubble as a phenomenon will be analyzed. Furthermore, the residential market of China and whether various programs for the housing policy affect housing market are presented, especially during the period 1998-2014. The Ηukou registration system gives interesting information about the housing market, the central government’s policy, and its reaction and ability to cope with a housing bubble. Ηukou registration number defines whether an individual comes from a rural or an urban area, as well as the locality.

The urban and rural residents with agricultural or non agricultural Ηukou have different rights, and thus different chances for housing, especially in large metropolitan areas like Beijing. The connection of the four state owned banks with the housing market and their reaction to the house price changes during our period of interest is analyzed. The banks reacted without taking into account the risk, because they think that they are too big to fail. Volatility is also analyzed because it is important to find the reasons behind the changes in house prices. House price volatility forces households to buy a house to live in so that they could avoid the fluctuations in house prices, and a potential price increase. Regions in Beijing do not have the same property characteristics and potentials for a real estate bubble.

Housing Bubble China Dissertation
Housing Bubble China Dissertation

The results from the research of the secondary data are presented, with some final discussion. The answer for a housing bubble in Beijing is not crystal clear. Various findings support the existence of a bubble and some others do not. Although Beijing and regions in Beijing show a house price trend above the equilibrium price, the political status quo is special. In addition, it depends on the way data are collected, the availability of data, as well as their validity. It also depends on whether we have unclear property rights, housing inequality, and not a wide freedom of choice for the households.

While there are many factors that contribute to the formation of housing bubbles, as it is a very complex phenomenon, the present dissertation is focused on some important issues revealed from the literature review. Specifically, the above hypothesis is tested considering the following issues:

  • The correlation between potential real estate bubble and changes in housing prices in Beijing
  • The correlation between potential real estate bubble and housing prices volatility in Beijing
  • The role that the banking sector plays to the potential real estate bubble in Beijing
  • The readiness of Chinese authorities to deal with a Real Estate bubble
    The so far reaction of Chinese authorities to imbalances and housing price volatility
  • The correlation between the residential market in China and Beijing and a potential real estate bubble
  • The correlation between the Hukou system in China and a potential real estate bubble

Housing Bubble Dissertation Contents

1: Introduction
Rationale
Aim and Objectives
Hypothesis
Dissertation Structure

2: Literature Review – Housing Bubbles
Definition of Bubbles

3: Literature Review – The Role of House Prices and Volatility
Changes in Housing Prices
Volatility

4: Literature Review – The Role of the Banking Sector
The Banking Sector in China

5: Literature Review – The Role of Chinese Authorities
Government Involvement in Urban Housing
Government’s Reaction

6: Literature Review – Residential Market in China and Beijing
Residential Market in China and Beijing – A Historical Perspective
Housing Provident Fund (HPF)
Economical and Comfortable Housing Program (ECH)
Cheap Rental Housing Program (CRH)

7: Literature Review – Hukou Registration System
Description of Hukou Registration System
Housing Finance System
Inequality in Beijing

8: Research Methods

9: Data Analysis
Is There A Potential Real Estate Bubble In Beijing?

10: Conclusion

References

View This Dissertation Here

I do hope you enjoyed reading this post on Causes and Determinants of Real Estate Bubbles in China. There are many other titles available in the real estate dissertation collection that should be of interest to construction management students and building professionals. There are many dissertation titles that relate to other aspects of construction such as project management techniques, environmental management, building and construction methods to name a few. It took a lot of time to write this post and I would be grateful if you could share this post via Facebook and Twitter. Feel free to add your thoughts in the comments section. Thank you.