is vitally important to understand that a good dissertation involves
the evaluation, synthesis and analysis of the work of others and that
this is presented in a way that a reader can refer to the original
sources. There is no doubt that you would have used existing academic
matter in your dissertation to aid you literature review, analysis and
findings sections. With the dissertation you will have to adopt the
correct referencing or citation in order to avoid plagiarism.
people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing
someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying" and "borrowing"
can disguise the seriousness of the offense”
cares if I plagiarise?... You should!
If you use an author's specific word or words, you must place those
words within quotation marks and you must credit the source. Also, if
you use your own words, if you obtained the information or ideas you
are presenting from a source, you must document the source.
There are two fundamental reasons why you should not plagiarise:
is simply stealing: stealing
other people's work, words and ideas. It is morally no better than
stealing a car, or anything else. If someone stole your words and
ideas, think how you'd feel.
represents information illiteracy.
What does that mean? It means if you have to plagiarise, clearly, you
are incapable of researching and assimilating your own thoughts and
ideas. You are effectively illiterate when it comes to handling
information. What you should be aiming for instead is information
knowing when and why you need information, where to find it, and how to
evaluate, use and communicate it in an ethical manner".
(Source: Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals)
common forms of plagiarism
1. Copy directly from another source without presenting it as a quote
or providing a reference
2. Use ideas from another source without providing a reference
3. Use too many words from another source when paraphrasing
4. Submit someone else's work or ideas as your own
5. Include a diagram, image or data table from another source without
providing a reference
can you avoid plagiarism?
In many cases, students who find themselves accused of plagiarising
often have done so unintentionally. Poor organisation and time
management, as well as a failure to understand good academic practice,
are often to blame. You might therefore find it helpful to note the
• Manage your time and plan your work – ensure that
you have enough time to prepare, read and write
• When paraphrasing an author's text, ensure that you use your
own words and a sentence structure sufficiently different from the
• In your notes, highlight in colour/bold any direct
quotations you want to use in your assignment - this will help to
ensure you use quotation marks with an appropriate reference when you
are writing up your work
• Allow enough time to check your final draft for possible
referencing errors or omissions: for example, check that all your
in-text citations have a corresponding entry in your reference list,
and vice versa
• Save all your notes, files, printouts and so on until you
receive your final mark or grade. (Source: http://www.palgrave.com)
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