Sample Economics Dissertation Topics for 2024

Sample Economics Dissertation Topics for 2024 – Selecting a topic for an economics dissertation is a critical step that can significantly influence the direction and impact of your research. A well-chosen topic not only aligns with your interests but also contributes to the existing body of economic knowledge. Here, we present an extensive list of sample economics dissertation topics designed to inspire and guide your academic journey. These topics cover a diverse range of economic issues, ensuring that you can find a subject that suits your expertise and research goals.

Global Economic Challenges and Opportunities

1. The Role of Cryptocurrency in Modern Financial Systems

Cryptocurrency has emerged as a transformative force in the financial sector. This topic examines the implications of cryptocurrencies on global financial markets, considering factors such as investment strategies, regulatory challenges, and market volatility.

2. The Economic Impact of Artificial Intelligence and Automation

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and automation are reshaping industries worldwide. Investigating this topic involves analysing the economic benefits and potential drawbacks of AI, including its effects on productivity, employment, and sectoral growth.

3. Climate Change Economics: Costs and Mitigation Strategies

Climate change presents significant economic challenges. This dissertation could explore the economic costs associated with climate change and the effectiveness of various mitigation strategies, such as renewable energy investments, carbon pricing, and sustainable development initiatives.

Regional and National Economic Studies

4. Post-Brexit Economic Policies and Their Impact on the UK and EU

Brexit has introduced substantial economic uncertainties. This topic involves a comprehensive analysis of the economic consequences of Brexit on trade, immigration, and financial stability in both the UK and the EU.

5. Drivers of Economic Growth in Emerging Economies

Understanding the factors that drive economic growth in emerging economies is crucial. This dissertation could explore aspects such as foreign direct investment, infrastructure development, and policy reforms that contribute to sustainable economic growth in these regions.

6. Governmental Response to Economic Crises: Lessons from COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on global economies. This topic examines the effectiveness of governmental responses to the economic crisis, focusing on fiscal and monetary policies, and support measures for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Sectoral Economic Analyses

7. Evaluating the Efficiency of Healthcare Systems

Healthcare systems play a critical role in economic stability. This dissertation could compare the efficiency of different healthcare models, evaluating public versus private healthcare systems and the economic implications of healthcare reforms.

8. The Economic Impact of Tourism in Developing Countries

Tourism is a vital economic driver for many developing nations. This topic investigates the benefits and challenges of tourism, including its impact on local economies, employment rates, and infrastructure development, as well as the influence of global events on tourism trends.

9. The Automotive Industry: Economic Contributions and Challenges

The automotive industry is pivotal for economic growth and innovation. This dissertation could explore the industry’s contributions to economic development, the effects of globalisation, trade policies, and environmental regulations on automotive manufacturing and sales.

Financial Economics and Market Dynamics

10. Behavioural Economics: Understanding Consumer Decision-Making

Behavioural economics provides insights into how psychological factors influence economic decisions. This topic could analyse consumer behaviour patterns, the impact of cognitive biases on financial decisions, and strategies to enhance financial literacy.

11. The Role of Financial Institutions in Maintaining Economic Stability

Financial institutions are crucial for economic stability. This dissertation could investigate the roles of banks, investment firms, and regulatory bodies in preventing financial crises, ensuring market liquidity, and fostering sustainable economic growth.

12. Analyzing Stock Market Volatility and Its Economic Implications

Stock market volatility has significant economic repercussions. This topic could explore the causes of market fluctuations, the role of investor sentiment, and the effectiveness of various risk management strategies in mitigating volatility.

International Trade and Economic Policies

13. Trade Wars: Economic Impacts and Global Consequences

Trade wars can disrupt global economic relations. This dissertation could investigate the economic impacts of trade conflicts between major economies, focusing on tariffs, supply chain disruptions, and shifts in global trade patterns.

14. The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Developing Economies

Trade liberalisation aims to promote economic growth by reducing trade barriers. This topic could explore the effects of trade liberalisation on developing economies, considering the opportunities for growth and the challenges posed by increased competition and market integration.

15. The Economics of International Aid and Development

International aid is critical for the development of impoverished regions. This dissertation could examine the effectiveness of aid programmes, the economic benefits of aid, and potential issues such as dependency and the misallocation of resources.

Labour Economics and Employment Trends

16. The Gig Economy: Opportunities and Challenges

The gig economy is altering traditional employment patterns. This topic could analyse the economic implications of gig work on labour markets, wage structures, job security, and worker rights, highlighting both the benefits and challenges of this employment model.

Sample Economics Dissertation Topics
Sample Economics Dissertation Topics

17. Gender Wage Gap: Economic Analysis and Policy Solutions

The gender wage gap remains a persistent issue in many economies. This dissertation could investigate the factors contributing to wage disparities, the economic impact of wage inequality, and potential policy interventions to promote gender pay equity.

18. Future Employment Trends: Automation and the Workforce

Automation is expected to have a significant impact on future employment trends. This topic could explore how automation affects job displacement, skill requirements, and labour market dynamics, offering insights into how economies can adapt to technological advancements.

Environmental and Resource Economics

19. Economic Benefits and Challenges of Renewable Energy Adoption

Renewable energy is essential for sustainable economic development. This dissertation could examine the economic benefits and challenges of transitioning to renewable energy sources, considering factors such as cost-efficiency, policy incentives, and market impacts.

20. Water Resource Management: Economic Implications

Water resources are crucial for economic activities. This topic could explore the economic impacts of water scarcity, the effectiveness of water management policies, and strategies for sustainable water use and equitable access.

21. The Economic Impact of Environmental Regulations on Industry

Environmental regulations are necessary to protect natural resources and public health. This dissertation could analyse the economic effects of these regulations on various industries, considering compliance costs, competitive advantages, and the potential for innovation in sustainable practices.

Sample Economics Dissertation Topics Relevant Posts

University Economics Projects

MBA Project International Economic Environment

Challenges of Brexit

What Are The Underlying Causes of Ethnicity Wage Gaps In The United Kingdom

Applying Economic Modelling to the Movement of Refugees

Predicting Economic Market Failure and Collapse in The London Housing Market and How It Compares to a Collapse in The Wider UK Housing Market – A VAR Approach

An Exploration on How Climatic Alteration Has Affected the Economy of the United States


Selecting a relevant and engaging economics dissertation topic is essential for producing impactful research. The topics outlined in this article span a wide array of contemporary economic issues, offering numerous opportunities for in-depth exploration and analysis. By engaging with these topics, you can contribute valuable insights to the field of economics and advance your academic and professional aspirations.

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The Economic Environment Project

The Economic Environment

The circular flow model of the economy

Title: The Economic Environment. The firms in this model are the businesses while the households are the consumers. The firm is responsible for the production function while the households are responsible for consumption. In his book Waste to wealth: The Circular Economy, Lacy Peter states that households in the circular flow model provide labor in exchange for payment and offer this payment in exchange for the goods and services produced. The circular flow model entails the government, consumer and business elements. The firm produces goods and services to meet the consumer demand. Households purchase these products and pay to the firms. Additionally, households also provide the labor necessary to produce the goods and services. Therefore, one cannot exist without the other. This is key to any economic environment.

The financial sector such as banks and micro finances are important to the Circular Flow Model of the economy in many aspects despite being greatly ignored. This sector is responsible for ensuring that money flows across the firms, households and the government. The financial sector allows households to save money gained from working in the firms.

This money is also used for investment purposes in factors such as the fixed assets used by the firms to produce goods and services. When the government and the households save, the money is directed towards the financial market. In order to ensure the continuance of the economy, financial sectors invest this money by lending it to the households, firms and the government hence making the flow continuous (Chand, 2016). This is critical to the economic environment. Furthermore, the financial sector determines the amount of money in the market hence the inflation rate at any one moment. The circular flow model of the economy would be incomplete without the financial sector.

Economic Environment and Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

The GDP of a nation is the total market value of goods and services produced in the nation. GDP is effectively measured through market prices. During different times, prices tend to change especially because of inflation. Therefore, comparing the nominal GDP over different times may not be helpful as comparing the real GDP of New Zealand’s economy. Instead, real GDP, also known as the GDP in constant prices may be used to compare the market value of goods and services. Real GDP helps compare the GDP during different periods at the same set of prices. While the nominal GDP is equal on both the production and expenditure sides, the real GDP differs on the production and the expenditure mainly due to changes in relative prices between imports and exports.

Economic Environment Dissertation
Economic Environment Dissertation

One statistic that should be considered when making an international investment or expansion is the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) rate. By understanding the level of FDI in a foreign country, it is possible to establish how competitive the market in the foreign country is. One may also use the inflation rate of the country as well as the unemployment rate to determine how suitable the new market is for the expansion. The inflation rate determines how strong or weak the local currency is hence affecting the amount of money required for the initial investment. Additionally, constant changes in the rate of inflation may be an indication of an unstable economy. On the other hand, the rate of unemployment can help predict the potential demand and supply for the goods or services. The inflation rate may also help project the cost of labor for the new branch internationally.

The Business Cycles and Business The Environment

New Zealand’s recent annual GDP was 173.75 billion US dollars while the value stood at 0.28% of the global GDP. The GDP growth rate is at 2.50%. The inflation rate has been at a steady of 4.75% since 1918 to 2016. On the other hand, the unemployment has been at an average of 6.13% since 1985 to 2016. However, the rate of unemployment fell to 5.1% during the second quarter of 2016. Although the New Zealand economy has past the peak phase, it is expected to continue growing at a healthy rate while creating new jobs.

A housing bubble occurs when an increase in demand leads to a significant increase in the house prices (Roberts, 2008). Unlike most goods and services, replenishing the supply of houses takes time hence creating a bubble with soaring house prices. Eventually, the bubble bursts due to the increase in supply and a decrease in demand. Such an event would cause the New Zealand economy to slow down significantly.

When an economic recession occurs, the number or frequency of economic environment activities decline significantly (Roubini, 2011). Some businesses are able to continue operating as long as they are able to cover their fixed cost. However, other businesses not able to cover the variable cost including labor have to shut down rather than operate at zero profit. Scarcity of supply due to high production cost leads to high prices, meaning that consumers are unable to purchase goods and services. Firms selling second hand goods, companies dealing with bankruptcies or debt problem benefit during recession. The market is also more efficient and consumers get the best value in the market.


Chand, S. (2016). The Economic Environment and Circular Flow of Income in a Four Sector Economy.

Lacey, P. (2015). Waste to wealth: The Circular Economy and Economic Environment. Palgrave MacMillan.

Roberts, L. (2008). The Great Housing Bubble: Why did House Prices Fall? Monterey Cypress, LLC.

Roubini, N. (2011). Crisis Economics: A Crash Course in the Future of Finance. Penguin Books.

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