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Freedom of the press is an invaluable part of a democratic society. Many liberal nations allow free exchange of information without restrictions. Over the recent years, a decline in press freedom was reported by international organizations in Turkey. Violation of international human rights and Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights in Turkey is one of the prime reasons of investigation. In this research, twenty-two journalists were interviewed to extract information on the freedom of the press in Turkey. The data was analysed using triangulation. The results indicate a growing dissident of the journalists union in Turkey due to the lack of reporting freedom on critical issues such as politics, religion and terrorism. Reports also suggest a global backsliding of the government to fulfil its promises of democratizing the country. The findings of this paper match with the observations of international whistle-blower organizations such as Amnesty International, Reporters without Borders and Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ). The research performed in this paper helps to bridge the gap of understanding between media and the people of Turkey. The research highlights the effects of media bias on a society and presents recommendations to improve reporting freedom in Turkey.

The dissertation is written to conduct research among Turkish journalists and present the findings. The primary aim of the paper is to investigate the behaviour of the government towards journalists in Turkey. This goal can be understood as the level of freedom, journalists have in writing what they want under observance of the Turkish press. Freedom of expression among journalists means that they are able to present the facts and figures without filtering any information and leaving it to the public to decide and create their own viewpoints. A comparative approach towards estimation of cases reported by international organizations and my personal observations, and field research with in-depth interviews and written interviews with journalists of the Turkish press will help to answer the hypothesis at the end of the research. Assuming that the challenges of working as an independent reporter in the Turkish press and media could have increased over the recent decade, the paper will present the findings in the later sections.

  • 15,000 words - 42 pages in length
  • Excellent use of literature
  • Excellent analysis of subject area
  • Well written throughout
  • Ideal for media and culture students


1 - Introduction
Problem
Objective
Primary Research Question
Secondary Research Question
Approach
Motivation
Organization of the Thesis

2 - Literature Review
Country Profile
Background
Historical Media Landscape in Turkey
Current Media Landscape in Turkey
Religion, Politics and Military Leadership in Turkey
International Freedom Rights and Charter
Restrictions and Threats to Social Media and Investigative Journalism
Erdogan and Article 299 of the Turkish Penal Code
Administrative Reforms and Freedom of Speech and Expression
Cultural Dimensions

3 - Methodology
Aim of the Study
Primary Research Approach
Coding and Analysis
Secondary Research Approach
Ethical Considerations
Reliability of the Sources
Limitations

4 - Results
Freedom of Expression and Freedom of the Press
Present Situation of Journalists and Evolving Media Landscape
Consideration of Viewpoints of Media Houses
Political and Organizational Pressure
Erdogan and Influence on Media
Erdogan’s Rise to Power and view of International Organizations
Suggested Reforms in Turkish Media

5 - Analysis
Written Interviews
Personal Interviews

6 - Discussion
Restriction of the Press
Nationalism – The Dividing Line
Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions
Women’s Movement
Cognitive Dissonance
Summary

7 - Conclusion
Recommendations
Policy Recommendations
Research Recommendations

Bibliography


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